What are Digital Graphics and Its Different Types

Combine the ideas of text and images to improve a website's appearance and user appeal. Know how to use verities of digital graphics such as Vector, Raster and make your website look more aesthetic.

Blog Author
Rama Krishna

Jan 18, 2023

Digital graphics are electronic images. It combines text and images to improve a website's appearance and user appeal.

Digital graphics have revolutionized the world, starting from simple and easy-to-use business graphics to sophisticated 3D rendering. You can find digital graphics in many industries such as advertising, marketing, design, and e-commerce.

Graphics Design

The foundation behind all digital graphics is that it's made up of pixels. The pixels can be anything from a simple shape like a house or a car to something more advanced like an image superimposed on top of another image.

Types of Digital Graphics

There are two types of Digital graphics that are classified-

  • Vector Illustrations- Vector graphics, also known as vector drawings. It creates visual images from defined geometric shapes. Vector graphics are scalable. Both designers and illustrators prefer them over the alternative (raster graphics). This means that a vector image retains its original quality and resolution. Because vectors are made up of curves and flat colors, they take up less storage space than raster files.
  • Raster Images- Raster images, also known as bitmap graphics, are images composed of small squares known as pixels. They can be saved in the following formats: jpg, BMP, tiff, png, or.gif. The file size of a raster image is determined by the size of the image, which is defined by the number of pixels in the image. This means that a picture with a resolution of 1280720 will have 921,600 pixels. This means they carry a lot of data. They must have large file sizes and can be challenging to work with, even if you have one of the best web design devices. Image compression techniques and algorithms have been developed to address this issue.

Why is Digital graphics used?

Digital graphics can be used for a variety of purposes. With their cuteness, they can establish branding, create a mood, or simply appeal to visitors.

Art that focuses on objects

Drawing programs generates vector-oriented graphic designs, which overcome the limitations of bitmaps. Images are made up of described objects and paths known as vectors. Color reproduction is divided into three components: red, green, and blue. They are known as additive primaries because three lights of these colors combined produce white light.

Color separation includes the subtractive primaries cyan, magenta, and yellow. Each represents two additive primaries left after one primary has been subtracted from white light. Color removal refers to reducing colors and printing a full black in shadow areas (UCR).

Color corrections compensate for spectral errors in inks and exposure errors in photography, which are accomplished in the following formats: jpg, BMP, tiff, png, or.gif. h scanning. Corrections made to increase or decrease the floor in local areas of halftone negatives or positives are referred to as dot etching. Color corrections are made using masking, including both positive and negative masking.

Human-powered Directories

Direct screening and electronic scanning are also options. For color separation and correction, electronic scanning is the preferred method. Moiré, a secondary and visible superimposed pattern, was created using screen angles.

The purpose of digital graphics is used for advertising and promotion, education, and entertainment.

Retouching, opacity, and registration

Sheets, work-and-turn, and work-and-tumble are the three basic types of page arrangement for printing. Books and magazines are printed in signatures, which are units of paper per sheet.

Image Processing in Digital

Color Electronic Pre-press Systems (CEPS) is a prepress system that integrates all prepress operations such as color separation, correction, retouching, image modifications, page makeup, and imposition. Desktop Publishing is creating and producing typographic pages using desktop devices.

Pages of text can be entered, edited, formatted, and printed using word processing programs. Spreadsheet programs enable the organization, formulation, and mathematical construction of columns and rows of numbers and other data. Database programs store records (individual items) with data fields. It allows sorting and reorganization for list and file management.

To create special effects, graphic elements, and logos, type manipulation programs distort and manipulate type. Page layout programs arrange type, graphics, and images on a page for typographic printing.

Editing on a computer

Scrolling moves memory data up and down the screen to bring the desired section onto the screen. Foreground functions are performed on the screen within seconds of the operator's request. Background functions are functions that must take place off-screen. Electronic editing is always in the spotlight. The operator requests a screen directory to view the files stored in the system's magnetic memory.

Graphics File Formats

Graphics data is stored in various image formats for integration into other application programs. The following are three of the most common:

1. TIFF is the most versatile and dependable format for storing bit-mapped images of various resolutions, grey levels, and colors. It is not capable of storing object-oriented images. TIFF is a standard format for scanned photographs created to store grayscale data. Even though TIFF is a standard graphics format. Some programs save TIFF images with subtle variations that may prevent the files from being handled by other application programs.

2. Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) is a used format for storing vector or object-oriented artwork. It is also capable of storing bitmaps. ASCII EPS files contain two versions of the graphic. The main image is a PostScript description for printing on a PostScript device that is resolution independent. The second image is an optional low-resolution, bit- mapped preview that can be displayed on-screen. This dual-image scheme allows page- layout programs to import, crop, and scale high-quality EPS graphics while still displaying the screen version to the user.

3. Pure PostScript File is a description of an image that lacks the displayable screen image that EPS provides. You can create a PostScript file in many applications. You can open it in any word processor to change the typography and position information (if you know Postscript coding). The original program is not required to print the file. A download utility can send the PostScript file to a PostScript printer.

Advantages of Digital Graphic Designs

1. Researchers discovered that symbols could be recognized faster and more accurately than text and that graphical attributes of icons, such as shape and color, are very useful for quickly classifying objects, elements, or text based on some common property. These icons allow for quick identification of the type of message being presented.

2. Faster learning : It has been discovered that a graphical, pictorial representation aids learning, and symbols can also be learned quickly.

3. Faster use and problem-solving : It has been discovered that visual or spatial representations of information are easier to retain and manipulate, leading to faster and more successful problem-solving. Symbols have also been found to be effective in conveying straightforward instructions.

4. Easier to remember: Because it is simpler, it is easier for casual users to remember operational concepts.

5. More natural : Object graphics are thought to be more natural and closer to innate human capabilities. It has also been proposed that the human mind possesses a powerful image memory.

6. Encourage more concrete thinking : Objects on display such as images are directly in the high-level task domain or directly usable in their presented form. There is no need to mentally break down tasks into multiple commands with complex syntactic structures. As a result, the need for abstract thinking is reduced.

7. Fewer errors: More concrete thinking allows for fewer errors. Error messages are used less frequently.

8. Increased sense of control: The user takes the initiative and feels in command. This boosts user confidence and accelerates system mastery.


The result of digital graphics is the design and creation of a new logo or some fresh artwork. It could be anything, as long as it's hand-crafted and made. The programs that designers use to create digital graphics. They include Adobe Photoshop, Corel Draw, and Google SketchUp. They could also use popular vector-based illustration programs such as Adobe Illustrator and Inkscape. To sum it up in one sentence, digital illustrations are mostly hand-drawn designs created via a computer program.